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6th Maine Monument

James E. Metcalf, Private, 6th Maine Light Artillery

James Metcalf

JAMES METCALF
Age 18 Served Light Artillery 6th battery
Rank Private
Dark Complexion Black hair Black eyes 5 6
Occupation: Lumberman
Served 3 years
Enlisted Nov. 15, 1861 Mustered Jan. 1, 1862
Born Amherst, N. S. Residence, Talmadge
Left service June 17, 1865 M. O. and Hon. Discharge
Reenlisted Vet. vol. Jan. 1, 1864
Mustered : Augusta Left Service: Augusta
Graves Registration: No stone Talmadge Cemetery Lot No e 37 0 Died July 9, 1905 Source AGO Augus ta These records now in the Archives were copied originally from Muster Roll books. This would account for the obvious error in date of death or burial of Amos. Librarian says they were copied during the 1930s. Copied from Archives by Virginia Weston In 1977.

James Metcalf was born in Amherst, Nova Scotia August 8, 1842, the son of Amos Metcalf and Margaret Eagles. His father was a lumberman and his mother is reported to be a Micmac Indian. When the Canadian lumber companies bought up plantations in northern Maine, Amos followed with his family and settled in the little town of Talmadge, Maine, close to the New Brunswick border. James became a lumberman in his early teenage years.
Freeman McGilvery returned to Maine to raise a battery of artillery in 1861, and James and his father Amos travelled to Augusta and enlisted on December 16, 1861. James was 18. They first saw action at Cedar Mountain in 1862. James was with the 6th for three and ½ years, reenlisting at Brandywine Station on January 1, 1864. In addition to Cedar Mountain the 6th saw action at the following battles:
1862
Groveton, Bull Run, Antietam

1863
Dumfries, Gettysburg (The battery was commanded by Lt Edwin Dow.), Culpeper, Mine Run

1864
The Wilderness, “Bloody Angle”, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Siege of Petersburg
-Jerusalem Plank Road
-Deep Bottom
-Mine Explosion

1865
Assault on and capture of Petersburg

After mustering out in Augusta on June 7, 1865 with an Honorable Discharge, James returned to Talmadge where he lived for the remainder of his life. He would marry Anna Roix and father five children. He probably continued as a lumberman while he could, and became a farmer at some point, but he would have been hampered throughout his life by the Malaria he contracted during the war.
After the death of his wife in a farming accident, the household fell apart. The 1900 census has the children living with relatives and James living with the family of a younger brother. He died on July 9, 1905. Under “Cause of Death” on his death certificate it reads, “Malarial Poisoning effecting Brain contracted outside the state during the civil war.” He never filed for a disability pension.

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